August 4, 2015
With India seeking a greater role in world affairs, Afghanistan and Pakistan in turmoil, and Chinese influence on the rise, South Asia is a crucible for many of the foreign policy questions the next president will face. What can the US do to prevent China’s emergence as a hegemonic power in Asia? Will the Islamic State and its allies gain traction outside the Middle East? Can the democratic gains made in Asia since the end of the Cold War be consolidated?
The answers to these questions will be determined, in no small measure, by American policy toward South Asia. The candidates’ responses will suggest how well they understand the issues in a region that is home to 1.6 billion people, or about a fifth of the world’s population.
1. How can the US help India emerge as a prosperous market economy integrated in the global trading system?
Nearly a quarter century after it began dismantling the shackles of Nehruvian socialism, India’s vast economy remains a work in progress. According to the World Bank, India is now the world’s third largest economy at $7.4 trillion in purchasing power terms. But in real terms, India’s $2 trillion economy — the ninth largest in the world — remains relatively small for a country with 1.2 billion people.
Read the full article at the American Enterprise Institute: 5 questions every presidential candidate should answer: South Asia edition